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Installation A Parquet Board

Despite the fact that the parquet board most often has a special locking installation system that does not require the use of glue, in some cases it is as difficult to lay as artificial parquet. They say that a good parquet floor is the professionalism of the Sacramento ADU Builders who laid it. Sometimes this principle can be applied to the parquet board. But by choosing the option with a locking system, everyone can learn how to lay a parquet board on their own.

Laying a parquet board with a lock joint

Basis

The parquet board must be laid on a flat, clean and dry base. On a section of 2000 mm, deviations of more than 3 mm must be eliminated. Old wooden floors, concrete, bases made of self-leveling mixtures, etc. can be used as a base. Textile coverings are not suitable as a base.

The relative humidity of a concrete floor without additional waterproofing should be no more than 60%, and with a special substrate for Tuplex parquet – 85%.

On a concrete floor and in rooms with a relative humidity of more than 85%, it is recommended to lay a strong polyethylene film with a thickness of 0.2 mm between the parquet and the base for moisture isolation. Polyfoam or corrugated cardboard is placed on top of the noise insulation film. As a rule, separate waterproofing is not required for floors with a ventilated base and intermediate floors.

Before laying

When installing a parquet board , the temperature in the room should be at least +18⁰С, and the air humidity should be 40-60%. Parquet should be left in the room where it will be laid for at least 48 hours. Packages should be in a horizontal position on a straight base, not tightly packed. Packages should be opened as the floor is being installed. Do not lay parquet under built-in furniture and equipment.

Heated floors

Most types of parquet board are suitable for heated floors. But some types of wood, for example, beech, maple and jatoba, react more strongly to temperature changes, so they are not recommended for objects with floor heating.

It is necessary to turn on the floor heating system at least two weeks before installation. Immediately before installing the floor, the heating level should correspond to 2/3 of the maximum power.

In general, during heating, the surface temperature of wooden floors should be no more than 27⁰С. The new parquet must be accustomed to the temperature difference, gradually increasing the temperature of the floor. The main rule is that the temperature drop on the surface of the parquet should not exceed 5⁰C per day. Parquet glued to the base has a higher thermal conductivity than parquet laid by the “floating” method.

General recommendations for conclusion

It is better to lay the boards in the direction of daylight. But when laying on a wooden floor, parquet boards must be laid perpendicular to the wooden floor boards.

It is recommended to start laying from the wall that has the fewest slots. Evenness and strength of the starting wall are very important to achieve a successful result.

Between the parquet and the wall, as well as any other structure, for example, a pipe, it is necessary to leave a compensation seam of 7-10 mm for the natural movement of wood, which is closed with a plinth or overlays. If the width of the floor is more than 6 m, the compensation seam should be 1.5 mm for each meter of floor width.

In order for the parquet to be strong and resistant to deformation, the distance between adjacent transverse seams of the boards, which have a full length, should be at least 50 cm. The end seam should not go in one line across the entire floor covering.

Laying parquet board

The lock connection of a high-quality parquet board makes its installation easy and fast. Adjacent parquet boards are tightly fastened together even without the use of glue, and the floor covering is immediately ready for use. The surface of the parquet is very even, and the seams are almost invisible. It is very easy to care for such a coating, in case of damage to individual boards, they can be easily replaced with new ones.

Before starting to lay, measure the width of the room and calculate how many rows of boards you need. If the width of the last row is less than 40 mm, it is necessary to narrow the first row of boards by sawing off part of it. The boards are fastened together with a lock joint without the use of glue. Sometimes gluing is necessary, for example, when laying under door frames. Prepare a sufficient number of wedges for installation, as well as a strong support bar.

  1. The spike of the boards of the first row is directed towards the wall. Mark the shape of the wall on the boards next to the spike and saw off along the marked line. The ridge of the sheet pile must be removed to ensure a sufficient width of the expansion joint.
  2. Install the next board with the short side at an angle to the previous board and press it to the floor. Continue this arrangement until the end of the row. Use wedges to adjust the distance between the parquet and the wall (7-10 mm).
  3. Saw off the last board of the row to the required size, taking into account the expansion joints of 7-10 mm, and install it in place. You will get the correct size by turning the spike of the short side of the board in the direction of the wall and marking the place of the oversaw 4 mm shorter.
  4. Start the next row with a piece sawn from the last board of the previous row. The distance between the joints of the boards of adjacent rows should be at least 50 cm. Install the first board of the next row at a slight angle to the board of the previous row and place it on the base.
  5. Slightly raise the board laid last with mounting wedges, and install the short side of the next board at a small angle to it. Press the board simultaneously forward and down toward the previous row. Repeat this operation along the entire length of the stacking row, so that the entire front row of boards is raised and lying on the wedges.
  6. Remove the mounting wedges and tap the boards with a parquet block until there are no gaps between them. Attention ! Do not use parquet board trimmings for trimming.
  7. If you need to cut holes for the pipes, draw the diameters of the pipes on the board and mark the centers of the pipes. Drill holes for the pipes with a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the pipes by 20 mm. Use a narrow hacksaw to cut the piece of board behind the pipe. When sawing a piece, hold the hacksaw at an angle of about 45⁰ to the surface of the board. Put the board in place. Treat all sides of the cut piece with glue and set it in place. Close the holes under the pipes with special overlays.
  8. Measure the required width of the last row of boards, taking into account the expansion joints, and saw off the boards to the appropriate width. Lay the boards in place and tighten them, for example, with the help of a mounting leg. Use a protective spacer between the wall and the mounting foot. Install spacer wedges.
  9. When laying the last board of a row, laying under steps of stairs or heating batteries, under door frames and thresholds, it is necessary to remove the corresponding longitudinal locking edge, for example, with the help of a chisel, and install the board in place, moving it horizontally.
  10. If necessary, give the board the necessary shape and put it in place. Add glue to the seam only after the board is in place. Pull the boards together with the help of a mounting leg. Use a protective spacer between the wall and the mounting foot. Install spacer wedges.
  11. Remove the wedges after the last row of boards is laid. Install plinth and skirting boards. It is impossible to install the plinth too tightly to the floor, and also fasten the skirtings through, through the parquet board to the base, so as not to block the parquet. If necessary, chip off the pieces and cover cracks and other defects with putty that corresponds to the type of wood.

After stacking

In order for the parquet board to retain its original shape, it is necessary to maintain the relative humidity of the air, if possible, in the range of 40-60%, and the air temperature of 18-24⁰С. These conditions are ideal not only for your parquet floor, but also for you.

Over time, the wooden floor can change its color. This happens under the influence of ultraviolet rays, as well as due to the natural properties of wood. Usually, the strongest changes occur in the first year after laying.

Guarantee

Carefully study the instructions before starting to lay the floor. The manufacturer’s warranty is valid only if you follow the instructions for laying the floors and care for them, as well as complying with the warranty conditions. All this is described in detail on the manufacturer’s website.

Laying a parquet board using a floating method

After stacking

In order for the parquet board to retain its original shape, it is necessary to maintain the relative humidity of the air, if possible, in the range of 40-60%, and the air temperature of 18-24⁰С. These conditions are ideal not only for your parquet floor, but also for you.

Over time, the wooden floor can change its color. This happens under the influence of ultraviolet rays, as well as due to the natural properties of wood. Usually, the strongest changes occur in the first year after laying.

Guarantee

Carefully study the instructions before starting to lay the floor. The manufacturer’s warranty is valid only if you follow the instructions for laying the floors and care for them, as well as complying with the warranty conditions. All this is described in detail on the manufacturer’s website.

Laying a parquet board using a floating method

Pluses
  • Reliable attachment to the base makes the floor more durable and resistant to changes in humidity and temperature.
  • There is no “drum effect”, so the parquet floor laid on glue is quieter.
  • A parquet board glued to the base can be sanded, increasing the service life of the parquet several times.
  • To replace a damaged board, it is not necessary to disassemble the entire floor. It is enough to invite a master who will do everything quickly.
Cons
  • Higher cost: costs for materials (glue, primer) and the work of a specialist in preparing the base and laying the parquet.
  • It is not possible to disassemble the floor, for example, to lay it in another place. To replace one damaged board, you will need an experienced craftsman and professional equipment.

Considering these features and your own preferences, you will easily make the right choice.

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